Today, wherever people live, they don’t have to look far to be confronted to inequalities. Inequality in its various forms is an issue that is defining our time. Confronting inequalities has moved to the forefront of many global policy debates.

Inequalities are multifaceted and extend beyond income alone. They are shaped by a range of factors including gender, age, origin, ethnicity, disability, sexual orientation, class, and religion. These factors contribute to disparities in opportunities that persist within and between countries. Regrettably, in certain regions, these gaps are widening and exacerbating the challenges.

While income inequality between countries has shown some improvement, income inequality within countries has worsened. There has been a concentration of income and wealth at the top, with an increase in the number of billionaires and the fortunes of the super-rich reaching record levels.

Gender and racial inequalities persist in numerous societies, affecting access to education, employment, and representation in decision-making roles. While progress has been made in some areas, such as reducing the gender pay gap, there are still significant challenges to overcome. For instance, women and girls, around the world, contribute to billions of daily hours of unpaid care-work, which has a substantial economic value. Additionally, marginalized groups like indigenous peoples, migrants and refugees, and ethnic minorities face discrimination, marginalization, and limited legal rights. Promoting gender equality and racial justice is essential for creating a fairer society where everyone’s voice is valued and opportunities are equal.

Inequalities also intersect with environmental challenges, particularly with climate change. Marginalized communities are disproportionately affected by climate change. These communities often bear the brunt of environmental degradation and the consequences of natural disasters. Climate change affects food and water security as soil degradation leads to the loss of food and scarcity of water. Additionally, the poorest countries often lack the financial resources and technological capabilities to adapt to and mitigate the impacts of these events. Addressing environmental inequalities involves promoting environmental justice, adopting sustainable practices, and ensuring an equitable distribution of the burdens posed by environmental challenges.

To create a more equitable world, it is essential to address these inequalities comprehensively, considering economic, social, and environmental dimensions. By promoting inclusive policies, fostering diversity and inclusion, and implementing sustainable practices, we can work towards a society where everyone has equal opportunities and a fair chance to thrive.